Andrew Lloyd Webber – Phantom of the Opera

0
103
Let's Get Social
0

andrew-lloyd-webber-theatregold-1

“Andrew Lloyd Webber”

 

Andrew Lloyd Webber, Baron Lloyd-Webber (born 22 March 1948) is an English composer of musical theatre.

Lloyd Webber has achieved great popular success in musical theatre, and has been referred to as “the most commercially successful composer in history.”[1] Several of his musicals have run for more than a decade both in the West End and on Broadway. He has composed 13 musicals, a song cycle, a set of variations, two film scores, and a Latin Requiem Mass. He has also gained a number of honours, including a knighthood in 1992,[2] followed by a peerage from the British Government for services to Music, seven Tony Awards, three Grammy Awards, an Academy Award, fourteen Ivor Novello Awards, seven Olivier Awards, a Golden Globe Award, and the Kennedy Center Honors in 2006.[3][4] Several of his songs, notably “The Music of the Night” from The Phantom of the Opera, “I Don’t Know How to Love Him” from Jesus Christ Superstar, “Don’t Cry for Me, Argentina” and “You Must Love Me” from Evita, “Any Dream Will Do” from Joseph and the Amazing Technicolor Dreamcoat and “Memory” from Cats have been widely recorded and were hits outside of their parent musicals.

His company, the Really Useful Group, is one of the largest theatre operators in London. Producers in several parts of the UK have staged productions, including national tours, of the Lloyd Webber musicals under licence from the Really Useful Group.

 

Early life and Career

 

Andrew Lloyd Webber was born in Kensington, London, the elder son of William Lloyd Webber (1914–1982), a composer, and Jean Hermione (née Johnstone; 1921–1993), a violinist and pianist.[5] His younger brother, Julian Lloyd Webber, is a renowned solo cellist.

 

Lloyd Webber started writing his own music at a young age, a suite of six pieces at the age of nine. He also put on “productions” with Julian and his Aunt Viola in his toy theatre (which he built at the suggestion of Viola, of whom he was fond). Later, he would be the owner of a number of West End theatres, including the Palace. His aunt Viola, an actress, took him to see many of her shows and through the stage door into the world of the theatre. He also claims that he had originally set music to Old Possum’s Book of Practical Cats at the age of fifteen.

 

Lloyd Webber was a Queen’s Scholar at Westminster School and studied history for a time at Magdalen College, Oxford, although he abandoned the course to study at the Royal College of Music and pursue his interest in musical theatre.

 

Professional Career

 

Early Years

 

Lloyd Webber’s first collaboration with lyricist Tim Rice was The Likes of Us, a musical based on the true story of Thomas John Barnardo. Although composed in 1965, it was not publicly performed until 2005, when a production was staged at Lloyd Webber’s Sydmonton Festival. In 2008, amateur rights were released via the National Operatic and Dramatic Association (NODA) in association with the Really Useful Group. The first amateur performance was by a children’s theatre group in Cornwall called “Kidz R Us”. Stylistically, The Likes of Us is fashioned after the Broadway musical of the ’40s and ’50s; it opens with a traditional overture comprising a medley of tunes from the show, and the score reflects some of Lloyd Webber’s early influences, particularly Richard Rodgers, Frederick Loewe, and Lionel Bart. In this respect, it is markedly different from the composer’s later work which tends to be either predominantly or wholly through-composed and closer in form to opera than to the Broadway musical.

 

Around this time, Rice and Lloyd Webber wrote a number of individual pop songs that were recorded as singles for record labels. Wes Sands, Ross Hannaman, Paul Raven, and Gary Bond are among the many artists to have recorded early Lloyd Webber/Rice tunes. A selection of these early recordings were re-released on the 5-CD compilation, Andrew Lloyd Webber: Now and Forever (2003).

 

In 1968, Rice and Lloyd Webber were commissioned to write a piece for the Colet Court preparatory school which resulted in Joseph and the Amazing Technicolor Dreamcoat, a retelling of the biblical story of Joseph in which Lloyd Webber and Rice humorously pastiche a number of musical styles such as Elvis-style rock’n’roll, Calypso and country music. Joseph began life as a short cantata that gained some recognition on its second staging with a favourable review in The Times. For its subsequent performances, Rice and Lloyd Webber revised the show and added new songs to expand it to a more substantial length. This culminated in a two-hour long production being staged in the West End on the back of the success of Jesus Christ Superstar.

 

In 1969 Rice and Lloyd Webber wrote a song for the Eurovision Song Contest called “Try It and See”, which was not selected. The Demo version, sung by Rita Pavone (sounding remarkably like Lulu, for whom the song was written) is available on, ‘Now and Forever’ – The 5 CD box set. With rewritten lyrics it became “King Herod’s Song” in their third musical, Jesus Christ Superstar (1970).

 

The planned follow up to Jesus Christ Superstar was a musical comedy based on the Jeeves and Wooster novels by P. G. Wodehouse. Tim Rice was uncertain about this venture, partly because of his concern that he might not be able to do justice to the novels that he and Lloyd Webber so admired.[6] After doing some initial work on the lyrics, he pulled out of the project and Lloyd Webber subsequently wrote the musical with Alan Ayckbourn who provided the book and lyrics. Jeeves failed to make any impact at the box office and closed after a short run of only three weeks. Many years later, Lloyd Webber and Ayckbourn revisited this project, producing a thoroughly reworked and more successful version entitled By Jeeves (1996). Only two of the songs from the original production remained (“Half a Moment” and “Banjo Boy”).

 

Mid-1970s

 

Lloyd Webber collaborated with Rice once again to write Evita (1976 in London/1979 in U.S.), a musical based on the life of Eva Perón. As with Jesus Christ Superstar, Evita was released first as a concept album and featured Julie Covington singing the part of Eva Peron. The song “Don’t Cry for Me Argentina” became a hit single and the musical was staged at the Prince Edward Theatre in a production directed by Harold Prince and starring Elaine Paige in the title role.

 

Patti LuPone created the role of Eva on Broadway for which she won a Tony. Evita was a highly successful show that ran for ten years in the West End. It transferred to Broadway in 1979. Rice and Lloyd Webber parted ways soon after Evita.

 

In 1978, Lloyd Webber embarked on a solo project, the “Variations”, with his cellist brother Julian based on the 24th Caprice by Paganini, which reached number two in the pop album chart in the United Kingdom. The main theme was used as the theme tune for ITV1’s long-running South Bank Show throughout its 32-year run.

1980s

 

Lloyd Webber embarked on his next project without a lyricist, turning instead to the poetry of T. S. Eliot. Cats (1981) was to become the longest running musical in London, where it ran for 21 years before closing. On Broadway, Cats ran for eighteen years, a record which would ultimately be broken by another Lloyd Webber musical, The Phantom of the Opera.[7][8]

 

Starlight Express (1984) was a commercial hit but received negative reviews from the critics. It enjoyed a record run in the West End, but ran for less than two years on Broadway. The show has also seen two tours of the US, as well as an Australian/Japanese production, a three-year UK touring production, which transferred to New Zealand later in 2009. The show also runs full-time in a custom-built theatre in Bochum, Germany, where it has been running since 1988.

 

Lloyd Webber wrote a Requiem Mass dedicated to his father, William, who had died in 1982. It premiered at St. Thomas Church in New York on 24 February 1985. Church music had been a part of the composer’s upbringing and the composition was inspired by an article he had read about the plight of Cambodian orphans. Lloyd Webber had on a number of occasions written sacred music for the annual Sydmonton Festival.[9] Lloyd Webber received a Grammy Award in 1986 for Requiem in the category of best classical composition. Pie Jesu from Requiem achieved a high placing on the UK pop charts.

 

Cricket (1986), also called Cricket (Hearts and Wickets), reunited Lloyd Webber with Tim Rice to create this short musical for Queen Elizabeth’s 60th birthday, first performed at Windsor Castle. Several of the tunes were later used for Aspects of Love and Sunset Boulevard.

 

Lloyd Webber also premiered The Phantom of the Opera in 1986, inspired by the 1911 Gaston Leroux novel. He wrote the part of Christine for his then-wife, Sarah Brightman, who played the role in the original London and Broadway productions alongside Michael Crawford as the Phantom. The production was directed by Harold Prince, who had also earlier directed Evita. Charles Hart wrote the lyrics for Phantom with some additional material provided by Richard Stilgoe, with whom Lloyd-Webber co-wrote the book of the musical. It became a hit and is still running in both the West End and on Broadway; in January 2006 it overtook Cats as the longest-running musical on Broadway.[8]

 

Aspects of Love followed in 1989, a musical based on the story by David Garnett. The lyrics were by Don Black and Charles Hart and the original production was directed by Trevor Nunn. Aspects had a run of four years in London but closed after less than a year on Broadway. It has since gone on a tour of the UK, and is beginning to enjoy more acclaim than its original production.

 

1990s

 

Lloyd Webber was asked to write a song for the 1992 Barcelona Olympics and composed “Amigos Para Siempre — Friends for Life” with Don Black providing the lyrics. This song was performed by Sarah Brightman and José Carreras.

 

Lloyd Webber had toyed with the idea of writing a musical based on Billy Wilder’s critically acclaimed movie, Sunset Boulevard, since the early 1970s when he saw the film, but the project didn’t come to fruition until after the completion of Aspects of Love when the composer finally managed to secure the rights from Paramount Pictures[10] The composer worked with two collaborators, as he had done on Aspects of Love; this time Christopher Hampton and Don Black shared equal credit for the book and lyrics. The show opened at the Adelphi Theatre in London on 12 July 1993, and ran for 1,529 performances. In spite of the show’s popularity and extensive run in London’s West End, it lost money due to the sheer expense of the production.

 

In 1994, Sunset Boulevard became a successful Broadway show, opening with the largest advance in Broadway history, and winning seven Tony Awards that year. Even so, by its closing in 1997, “it had not recouped its reported $13 million investment.”[11]

 

In 1998, Lloyd Webber released a film version of Cats, which was filmed at the Adelphi Theatre in London. David Mallet directed the film, and Gillian Lynne choreographed the film. The cast consisted of performers who had been in the show before, including Ken Page (Original Old Deuteronomy on Broadway) as Old Deuteronomy, Elaine Paige (Original Grizabella in London) and Sir John Mills as Gus: the Theatre Cat.

 

In 1998 Whistle Down the Wind made its debut, a musical written with lyrics supplied by rock legend Jim Steinman. Originally opening in Washington, Lloyd Webber was reportedly not happy with the casting or Harold Prince’s production and the show was subsequently revised for a London staging directed by Gale Edwards, the production is probably most notable for the Number One hit from Boyzone “No Matter What” which only left the UK charts when the price of the CD single was changed to drop it out of the official top ten. His The Beautiful Game opened in London and has never been seen on Broadway. The show had a respectable run at The Cambridge Theatre in London. The show has been re-worked into a new musical The Boys in the Photograph which had its world première at The Liverpool Institute for Performing Arts in April 2008.

 

2000s

 

On 16 September 2004, his production of The Woman in White opened at the Palace Theatre in London. It ran for 19 months and 500 performances. A revised production opened on Broadway at the Marquis Theatre on 17 November 2005. Garnering mixed reviews from critics, due in part to the frequent absences of the show’s star Maria Friedman due to breast cancer treatment, it closed only a brief three months later on 19 February 2006.

 

Lloyd Webber produced a staging of The Sound of Music, which débuted November 2006. He made the controversial decision to choose an unknown to play leading lady Maria, who was found through the reality television show How Do You Solve a Problem Like Maria?, in which he was a judge. The winner of the show was Connie Fisher.

 

It was announced on 25 August 2006, on his personal website that his next project would be The Master and Margarita (Lloyd Webber has stated that the project will most likely be an opera rather than a musical).

 

In September 2006, Lloyd Webber was named to be a recipient of the prestigious Kennedy Center Honors with Zubin Mehta, Dolly Parton, Steven Spielberg, and Smokey Robinson. He was recognised for his outstanding contribution to American performing arts.[12] He attended the ceremony on 3 December 2006; it aired on 26 December 2006. On 11 February 2007, Lloyd Webber was featured as a guest judge on the reality television show Grease: You’re the One that I Want![13] The contestants all sang “The Phantom of the Opera”.

 

Between April and June 2007, he appeared in BBC One’s Any Dream Will Do!, which followed the same format as How Do You Solve a Problem Like Maria?. Its aim was to find a new Joseph for his revival of Joseph and the Amazing Technicolor Dreamcoat. Lee Mead won the contest after quitting his part in the ensemble – and as understudy in The Phantom of the Opera to compete for the role. Viewers’ telephone voting during the series raised more than £500,000 for the BBC’s annual Children in Need charity appeal, according to host Graham Norton on air during the final. On 1 July 2007, Lloyd Webber presented excerpts from his musicals as part of the Concert for Diana organised to celebrate the life of Diana, Princess of Wales.

 

The BBC Radio 2 broadcast a concert of music from the Lloyd-Webber musicals on 24 August 2007.[14] Denise Van Outen introduced songs from Whistle Down the Wind, The Beautiful Game, Tell Me on a Sunday, The Woman in White, Evita and Joseph and the Amazing Technicolor Dreamcoat – as well as Rodgers and Hammerstein’s The Sound of Music, which Webber revived in 2006 at the London Palladium and 2002’s Lloyd Webber-produced Bollywood-style musical Bombay Dreams by A. R. Rahman and Don Black.

 

In April 2008, Lloyd Webber reprised his role as judge, this time in the BBC musical talent show, I’d Do Anything. The show followed a similar format to its ‘Maria’ and ‘Joseph’ predecessors, this time involving a search for an actress to play the role of Nancy in an upcoming West End production of the Lionel Bart musical Oliver! The show also featured a search for three young actors to play and share the title character’s role, the show’s main focus was on the search for Nancy. The role was won by Jodie Prenger despite Lloyd Webber’s stated preference for one of the other contestants; the winners of the Oliver role were Harry Stott, Gwion Wyn-Jones and Laurence Jeffcoate. Also in April 2008 he was featured on the U.S. talent show American Idol, acting as a mentor when the 6 finalists had to select one of Lloyd Webber’s songs to perform for the judges that week.

 

Lloyd Webber accepted the challenge of managing the UK’s entry for the 2009 Eurovision Song Contest, to be held in Moscow. In early 2009 a series, called Eurovision: Your Country Needs You, was broadcast to find a performer for a song that he would compose for the competition. Jade Ewen won the right to represent Britain, winning with It’s My Time, by Lloyd Webber and Diane Warren. At the contest, Lloyd Webber accompanied her on the piano during the performance. Great Britain finished 5th in the contest.[15]

 

On 8 October 2009, Lloyd Webber launched the musical Love Never Dies at a press conference held at Her Majesty’s Theatre, where the original Phantom has been running since 1986. Also present were Sierra Boggess, who has been cast as Christine Daaé, and Ramin Karimloo, who portated Phantom, a role he most recently played in the West End.

 

2010 and Onwards

 

Following the opening of Love Never Dies, Lloyd Webber again began a search for a new musical theatre performer in the BBC One series Over the Rainbow. He cast the winner, Danielle Hope, in the role of Dorothy and a dog to play Toto in his forthcoming stage production of The Wizard of Oz. He and lyricist and composer Tim Rice will write a number of new songs for the production to supplement the songs from the film.[16]

On 26 February 2010, he appeared on BBC’s Friday Night with Jonathan Ross to promote Love Never Dies

.

On 7 March 2011, The Wizard of Oz opened at The Palladium Theatre, starring Danielle Hope as Dorothy and Michael Crawford as the Wizard.

Love Never Dies Opens May 2011, Regent Theatre Melbourne Australia. Ben Lewis as The Phantom and Anna O’Byrne as Christine,The reaction during the curtain call said it all – a full standing ovation from the audience as the cast excitedly took their bows and accepted bouquets of flowers.

London, The sequel to the record-breaking The Phantom of the Opera will play its final performance at the West End’s Adelphi Theatre on August 27, according to Variety, Broadway plans for the show are uncertain..

 

Accusations of Plagiarism

 

Lloyd Webber has been accused of plagiarism in his works. His biographer, John Snelson, has acknowledged the strong similarity between the opening melody of the slow movement of Mendelssohn’s Violin Concerto and the Jesus Christ Superstar song “I Don’t Know How to Love Him”, but opines that Webber:

 

“…brings a new dramatic tension to Mendelssohn’s original melody through the confused emotions of Mary Magdalene. The opening theme may be Mendelssohn, but the rhythmic and harmonic treatment along with new lines of highly effective melodic development are Lloyd Webber’s. The song works in its own right as its many performers and audiences can witness.”[17]

 

In interviews promoting Amused to Death, Roger Waters, formerly of Pink Floyd, claimed that Lloyd Webber had plagiarised short chromatic riffs from the 1971 song “Echoes” for sections of The Phantom of the Opera, released in 1986; nevertheless, he decided not to file a lawsuit regarding the matter.[18] The songwriter Ray Repp made a similar claim about the same song, but insisted that Lloyd Webber stole the idea from him. Unlike Roger Waters, Ray Repp did decide to file a lawsuit, but the court eventually ruled in Lloyd Webber’s favour.[19] Rick Wakeman, on his Grumpy Old Rockstar tour of 2008, accused Lloyd Webber of borrowing the main riff for the Phantom of the Opera tune from a section of his 1977 work “Judas Iscariot” from Rick Wakeman’s Criminal Record album.

 

Lloyd Webber has also been accused of plagiarising Puccini, most notably in Requiem[20] and The Phantom of the Opera. In the Program Guide for the San Francisco Opera’s performance (2009–2010 season) of Puccini’s Girl of the Golden West, on page 42, it states:
“The climactic phrase in Dick Johnson’a aria, “Quello che taceta,” bears a strong resemblance to a similar phrase in the Phantom’s song, “Music of the Night,” in Lloyd Webber’s 1986 musical The Phantom of the Opera. Following the musical’s success, the Puccini estate filed suit against Lloyd Webber accusing him of plagiarism and the suit was settled out of court.”[21]
A curious and likely unintentional coincidence of melodic progression (though with very different rhythm and tempo) exists among the main tune of the song “There’s Me” from Starlight Express, and a central phrase of the opening theme of the cartoon “Around the World with Willy Fog”.[22].

 

Personal Life

 

Lloyd Webber has married three times. First, he married Sarah Hugill on 24 July 1972, but they divorced on 14 November 1983. Together they had two children, a daughter and a son:

The Hon. Imogen Lloyd Webber (born 31 March 1978)
The Hon. Nicholas Lloyd Webber (born 2 July 1979)

 

He then married singer/dancer Sarah Brightman on 22 March 1984 in Hampshire. He cast Brightman in the lead role in his musical The Phantom of the Opera. This marriage did not produce any children, and they divorced on 3 January 1990.

 

Thirdly, he married Madeleine Gurdon in Westminster on 9 February 1991. They have three children, two sons and one daughter, all of whom were born in Westminster

The Hon. Alastair Adam Lloyd Webber (born 3 May 1992)
The Hon. William Richard Lloyd Webber (born 24 August 1993)
The Hon. Isabella Aurora Lloyd Webber (born 30 April 1996).[23]

 

The Sunday Times Rich List 2006 ranked him the 87th-richest man in Britain with an estimated fortune of £700 million. His wealth increased to £750 million in 2007, but the publication ranked him 101st in 2008.[24] He lives at Sydmonton Court, near Kingsclere in Hampshire, and also owns much of Watership Down. Lloyd Webber is an art collector, with a passion for Victorian art. An exhibition of works from his collection was presented at the Royal Academy in 2003 under the title Pre-Raphaelite and Other Masters – The Andrew Lloyd Webber Collection. He is also a devoted supporter of Leyton Orient Football Club. Politically, he has supported the UK’s Conservative Party, allowing his song “Take That Look Off Your Face” to be used on a party promotional film seen by an estimated 1 million people in 80 cinemas before the 2005 UK General Election to accompany pictures of Prime Minister Tony Blair allegedly “smirking”, the party said.[25]

 

In late 2009 Lloyd Webber had surgery for early-stage prostate cancer,[26] but had to be readmitted to hospital with post-operative infection in November. In January 2010, he declared he was cancer-free.[27]

 

As of March 2010, Lloyd Webber decided to sell Portrait of Angel Fernández de Soto by Pablo Picasso art to benefit the Andrew Lloyd Webber Foundation.[28] In 2006, he withdrew the painting from auction after a claim that the previous owner was forced to sell it under duress in Nazi Germany.[29] An out-of-court settlement was reached, where the foundation retained ownership rights.[30] On 23 June 2010, the painting was sold at auction for £34.7 million to an anonymous telephone bidder.[31]

 

Honours

 

Andrew Lloyd Webber was knighted by Elizabeth II in 1992.

In 1997, Elizabeth II created him a life peer as Baron Lloyd-Webber, of Sydmonton in the County of Hampshire.[32] He sits as a Conservative member of the House of Lords.

 

Adwards

 

Academy Awards

1996 – Best Original Song for “You Must Love Me” from Evita (award shared with Sir Tim Rice)

One nomination for Best Original Song Score and Adaptation: 1973 motion picture Jesus Christ Superstar

One nomination for Best Original Song: “Learn to Be Lonely” from the 2004 motion picture The Phantom of the Opera.

 

Golden Globes

1997 – Best Original Song for “You Must Love Me” from Evita (award shared with Sir Tim Rice)

Plus one nomination for Best Original Song: “Learn to Be Lonely” from the 2004 motion picture The Phantom of the Opera.

 

Grammy Awards

1980 – Best Cast Show Album for Evita

1983 – Best Cast Show Album for Cats

1986 – Grammy Award for Best Contemporary Composition for Requiem

1990 – Grammy Legend Award

 

Tony Awards

1980 – Best Musical for Evita

1980 – Best Original Score for Evita(award shared with Tim Rice)

1983 – Best Musical for Cats

1983 – Best Original Score for Cats

1988 – Best Musical for The Phantom of the Opera

1995 – Best Musical for Sunset Boulevard

1995 – Best Original Score for Sunset Boulevard

Others

1988 Drama Desk Award for Outstanding Orchestrations for The Phantom of the Opera

7 Laurence Olivier Awards (including Special Award presented for his 60th birthday in 2008)[33]

14 Ivor Novello Awards from the British Academy of Songwriters, Composers and Authors[33]

Star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame for live theatre (1993)

Kennedy Center Honors (2006)

Woodrow Wilson Award for Public Service[34] (2008)

American Songwriter’s Hall of Fame[33]

 

 

Shows

 

The Likes of Us (1965)

Lyrics by Tim Rice

Not shown until 2005

 

Joseph and the Amazing Technicolor Dreamcoat (1968)
Lyrics by Tim Rice

 

Jesus Christ Superstar (1970)
Lyrics by Tim Rice

 

Jeeves (1975)
Lyrics by Alan Ayckbourn
Revised in 1996 as By Jeeves

 

Evita (1976)
Lyrics by Tim Rice

 

Tell Me on a Sunday (1979)
Lyrics by Don Black

 

Cats (1981)
Lyrics by T. S. Eliot
Additional lyrics after Eliot by Richard Stilgoe and Trevor Nunn

 

Song and Dance (1982)
Lyrics by Don Black (revised by Richard Maltby, Jr. for Broadway)
Combination of Variations (1978) and Tell Me On A Sunday (1979)

 

Starlight Express (1984)
Lyrics by Richard Stilgoe
Later revisions by Don Black and David Yazbek
Based on the Thomas the Tank Engine and Friends books by The Rev. W. Awdry.

 

Cricket (1986)
Lyrics by Tim Rice
First performed for Queen Elizabeth’s 60th birthday

 

The Phantom of the Opera (1986)
Lyrics by Charles Hart
Additional Lyrics by Richard Stilgoe
Based on the Gaston Leroux novel

Aspects of Love (1989)
Lyrics by Don Black and Charles Hart
Based on the David Garnett novelSunset Boulevard (1993)
Book and lyrics by Christopher Hampton and Don Black
Based on the Billy Wilder film (1950)Whistle Down the Wind (1996)
Lyrics by Jim SteinmanThe Beautiful Game (2000)
Lyrics by Ben Elton
Updated as The Boys in the Photograph (2009)Bombay Dreams (2002)
Music by A.R. Rahman
Lyrics by Don Black
Produced by Andrew Lloyd Webber

 

The Woman in White (2004)
Lyrics by David Zippel
Based on the Wilkie Collins novel

 

The Sound of Music (2006)
Music by Richard Rodgers
Lyrics by Oscar Hammerstein II
Produced by Andrew Lloyd Webber

 

Love Never Dies (2010)
Lyrics by Glenn Slater

 

The Wizard of Oz (2011)
Music by Harold Arlen
Lyrics by E. Y. Harburg
Additional Lyrics by Tim Rice
Produced by Andrew Lloyd Webber

School of Rock (2015)
Music by Andrew Lloyd Webber
Lyrics by Glenn Slater
Musical Director Darren Ledbetter

 

 

 

 

 

Video Clip

 

 

 

Film Adaptations

 

There have been a number of film adaptations of the Lloyd Webber musicals: Jesus Christ Superstar (1973) was directed by Norman Jewison, Evita (1996) was directed by Alan Parker, and most recently The Phantom of the Opera was directed by Joel Schumacher (and co-produced by Lloyd Webber). Lloyd Webber also produced Bombay Dreams with Indian composer A. R. Rahman in 2002.

 

Other Works

 

Variations (1978) – A set of musical variations on Niccolò Paganini’s Caprice in A minor that Lloyd Webber composed for his brother, cellist Julian. This album featured fifteen rock musicians including guitarist Gary Moore and pianist Rod Argent and reached number 2 in the UK album chart upon its release. It was later combined with Tell Me on a Sunday to form one show, Song and Dance. Lloyd Webber also used variation five as the basis for Unexpected Song in Song and Dance. The main theme is used as the theme music to The South Bank Show.

Requiem (1985) – A classical choral work composed in honour of his father, William.

 

References

 

  1. Sondheim and Lloyd-Webber: the new musical The New York Times.. referred to Andrew Lloyd Webber as “the most commercially successful composer in history.”
  2. Citron, Stephen (2001) Sondheim and Lloyd-Webber: the new musical Oxford University Press US, 2001
  3. Kennedy Center Honors Pictures CBS News
  4. Explore the Arts – The John F.Kennedy Center for the Performing Arts Kennedy-Center.org
  5. Barratt, Nick (7 July 2007). “Family detective”. Daily Telegraph.. 
  6. (Rice, 1999)
  7. Cats at the Internet Broadway Database
  8. The Phantom of the Opera at the Internet Broadway Database
  9. Snelson, 2004
  10. “Lloyd Webber, Andrew: Inspired By Sunset Boulevard Really Useful Group”. Retrieved 11 June 2009. 
  11. Singer, Barry. Ever After: The Last Years of Musical Theater and Beyond, Hal Leonard Corporation, 2004, ISBN 1-55783-529-2, p. 97
  12. The Kennedy Center Honors
  13. http://www.andrew lloyd webber.com/
  14. Friday Night Is Music Night – Andrew Lloyd Webber Gala – BBC Press Office.Retrieved on 8 August 2007.
  15. Nikkhah, Roya (31 January 2009). “No more nul points at Eurovision?”. Telegraph. Retrieved 31 January 2009. 
  16. Midgley, Neil (11 September 2009). “Andrew Lloyd Webber to audition dogs for The Wizard of Oz‘s Toto”. The Daily Telegraph (UK: Telegraph Media Group)Retrieved 3 January 2010. 
  17. Adrian Mourby (1 September 2004). “The high-brow just don’t know how to love him”. Times Higher Education. Retrieved 25 May 2009. 
  18. Who the hell does Roger Waters think he is?
  19. Lloyd Webber wins Phantom battle (16 December 1998) BBC News
  20. Michael Oliver review, Gramophone May 1985
  21. San Francisco Opera Magazine, Vol. 87, No. 5, 2009–2010 Season, June–July 2010, page 42, box in lower right corner of the page, titled “Was Puccini Robbed?”
  22. Strong resemblance among There’s Me tune & cartoon theme
  23. Births, Marriages and Deaths England and Wales 1984–2006
  24. “Rich List 2007”. Sunday Times. London.Retrieved 2 October 2008. 
  25. “‘Take that look off your face’ Mr Blair told”. Conservative Party. 13 April 2005. Archived from the original on 4 July 2007.
  26. “Lloyd Webber treated for cancer”. BBC News. 25 October 2009.. Retrieved 25 October 2009. 
  27. Andrew Lloyd Webber gets cancer ‘all clear’, (11 January 2010) BBC News
  28. Andrew Lloyd Webber Auctions Art For Charity
  29. “Picasso’s Angel Fernandez de Soto withdrawn from Christie’s sale”. The Art Wolf. Retrieved 18 March 2010. 
  30. “Lloyd Webber’s Picasso to be sold after Nazi row settled”. AFP. 17 March 2010. Retrieved 18 March 2010. 
  31. “Picasso reaches £34.7m in Christie’s auction”. BBC. 24 June 2010. Retrieved 26 June 2010. 
  32. http://www.andrew lloyd webber.com/
  33. Awards – Andrew Lloyd Webber
  34. Gans, Andrew (21 May 2008) Playbill News: Lloyd Webber Receives Woodrow Wilson Award 21 May, Playbill

 

External links