Patti LuPone

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Patti LuPone

Patti Ann LuPone (born April 21, 1949) is an American singer and actress, known for her Tony Award-winning performances as Eva Perón in the 1979 stage musical Evita and as Rose in the 2008 Broadway revival of Gypsy, and for her Olivier Award-winning performance as Fantine in the original London cast of Les Misérables as well as her similarly nominated portrayal of Norma Desmond in the first production of Sunset Boulevard.



Early life and Training


LuPone was born in Northport, New York, on Long Island, the daughter of Angela Louise (née Patti), a college library administrator, and Orlando Joseph LuPone, a school administrator.[1] Her great-grand-aunt was the celebrated 19th-century opera singer Adelina Patti.[2] Her brother Robert LuPone is an actor, dancer, and director who originated the role of Zach the choreographer in A Chorus Line. Her other brother William LuPone is a teacher. When they were young, they performed on Long Island as the LuPone Trio. She is of Italian/Abruzzese descent and a graduate of Northport High School, where she studied under the musical direction of voice coach Esther Scott.[3] LuPone was part of the first graduating class of Juilliard’s Drama Division.




In 1972, LuPone became one of the original members of The Acting Company, formed by John Houseman.[4] The Acting Company was a nationally touring repertory theater company.[5] LuPone’s stint with the company lasted from 1972 to 1976, and she appeared in many of their productions, such as The Cradle Will Rock, The School for Scandal, Women Beware Women, The Beggar’s Opera, The Time of Your Life, The Lower Depths, The Hostage, Next Time I’ll Sing to You, Measure for Measure, Scapin, Edward II, The Orchestra, Love’s Labours Lost, Arms and the Man, The Way of the World. She made her Broadway debut in the play The Three Sisters as Irina in 1973.[6] For her work in The Robber Bridegroom (1975) she received her first Tony Award nomination, for Best Featured Actress in a Musical.[7]

In 1976, producer David Merrick hired LuPone as a replacement to play Genevieve, the title role of the troubled pre-Broadway production of The Baker’s Wife. The production toured at length but Merrick deemed it unworthy of Broadway and it closed out of town.[8]

Since 1977, LuPone has been a frequent collaborator with David Mamet, appearing in his plays The Woods, All Men are Whores, The Blue Hour, The Water Engine (1978),[9] Edmond and The Old Neighborhood (1997).[10] The New York Times reviewer wrote of LuPone in The Old Neighborhood “Those who know Ms. LuPone only as a musical comedy star will be stunned by the naturalistic fire she delivers here. As Jolly, a part inspired by Mr. Mamet’s real-life sister and his realized female character, Ms. LuPone finds conflicting layers of past and present selves in practically every line. She emerges as both loving matriarch and wounded adolescent, sentimental and devastatingly clear-eyed.”[11] In 1978, she appeared in the Broadway musical adaptation of Studs Terkel’s Working, which ran for only 24 performances.[12]

In 1979 LuPone starred in the original Broadway production of Evita, the musical based on the life of Eva Peron, composed by Andrew Lloyd-Webber and Tim Rice, and directed by Harold Prince.[13] Although LuPone was hailed by critics, she has since said that her time in Evita was not an enjoyable one. In a 2007 interview, she stated ” ‘Evita’ was the worst experience of my life,” she said. “I was screaming my way through a part that could only have been written by a man who hates women. And I had no support from the producers, who wanted a star performance onstage but treated me as an unknown backstage. It was like Beirut, and I fought like a banshee.”[14] Despite the trouble, LuPone won her first Tony Award for Best Actress in a Musical.[15] LuPone and her co-star, Mandy Patinkin, remained close friends both on and off the stage.

In May 1983, founding alumni of The Acting Company reunited for an off-Broadway revival of Marc Blitzstein’s landmark labor musical The Cradle Will Rock at the American Place Theatre. It was narrated by John Houseman, with LuPone in the roles of Moll and Sister Mister.[16] The production premiered at The Acting Company’s summer residence at Chautauqua Institution, toured the United States, including an engagement at the Highland Park, Illinois’ Ravinia Festival in 1984, and played London’s West End. When the run ended, LuPone remained in London to create the role of Fantine in Cameron Mackintosh’s original London production of Les Misérables, in 1985, which premiered at the Barbican Theatre, home of the Royal Shakespeare Company.[17] LuPone had previously worked for Mackintosh in a short-lived Broadway revival of Oliver! in 1984, playing Nancy opposite Ron Moody as Fagin.[18] For her work in both The Cradle Will Rock and Les Misérables, LuPone received the 1985 Olivier Award for Best Actress in a Musical.[19][20]

She returned to Broadway in 1987 to star as nightclub singer Reno Sweeney in the Lincoln Center Theater revival of Cole Porter’s Anything Goes. She starred opposite Howard McGillin, and they both received Tony Award nominations for their performances.[21][22] The Lincoln Center cast reassembled for a one-night-only concert performance of Anything Goes in New York in 2002. [23]

In 1993, LuPone returned to London to create the role of Norma Desmond in the original production of Andrew Lloyd Webber’s Sunset Boulevard at the Adelphi Theatre. There was much anticipation of LuPone appearing in another Lloyd Webber musical, the first since her performance in Evita. Her time in the show was difficult and she was abruptly fired by Lloyd Webber and replaced by Glenn Close who opened the show in Los Angeles and eventually on Broadway.[24][25]

In November 1995 LuPone starred in her one-woman show, Patti LuPone on Broadway, at the Walter Kerr Theatre.[26] For her work, she received an Outer Critics Circle Award. The following year, she was selected by producer Robert Whitehead to succeed his wife, Zoe Caldwell in the Broadway production of Terrence McNally’s play Master Class, based on the master classes given by operatic diva Maria Callas at Juilliard.[24] LuPone received positive reviews, with Vincent Canby writing “Ms. LuPone really is vulnerable here in a way that wasn’t anticipated: she’s in the process of creating a role for which she isn’t ideally suited, but she’s working like a trouper to get it right.”[27] She appeared in the play in the West End. In November 2001, she starred in a Broadway revival of Noises Off, with Peter Gallagher and Faith Prince.[28]

LuPone has performed in numerous New York concert productions of musicals including Pal Joey with Peter Gallagher and Bebe Neuwirth, Annie Get Your Gun with Peter Gallagher, Sweeney Todd with George Hearn in both New York and San Francisco, Anything Goes with Howard McGillin, Can-Can with Michael Nouri for City Center Encores!, Candide with Kristin Chenoweth, Passion with Michael Cerveris and Audra McDonald and Gypsy with Boyd Gaines and Laura Benanti for City Center Encores!. Her performances in Sweeney Todd, and Candide were recorded and broadcast for PBSs Great Performances and were released on DVD. The concert staging of Passion was televised as part of Live from Lincoln Center.

Since 2001, LuPone has been a regular performer at the Chicago Ravinia Festival. She starred in a six-year-long series of concert presentations of Stephen Sondheim musicals, which began in honor of his seventieth birthday. Her roles here have included Mrs. Lovett in Sweeney Todd, Fosca in Passion, Cora Hoover Hooper in Anyone Can Whistle, Rose in Gypsy and two different roles in Sunday in the Park with George.[29]

She returned to Broadway in October 2005, to star as Mrs. Lovett in John Doyle’s new Broadway production of Sweeney Todd. In this radically different interpretation of the musical, the ten actors on stage also served as the show’s orchestra, and LuPone played the tuba and the orchestra bells as well as vocally performing the score.[30] For her performance, she received a Tony Award nomination as well as a Golden Icon Award for Best Female Musical Theater Performance.[31] In August 2006, LuPone took a three week leave from Sweeney in order to play Rose in Lonny Price’s production of Gypsy at Ravinia.[29] Sweeney Todd closed in September 2006.

Following the Ravinia Festival production of Gypsy, LuPone and author Arthur Laurents mended a decade-long rift and she was cast in the City Center Encores! Summer Stars production of the show. Laurents directed LuPone in Gypsy for a 22 performance run (July 9, 2007 – July 29, 2007) at City Center.[32] This production of Gypsy then transferred to Broadway, opening March 27, 2008 at the St. James Theatre.[33] LuPone won the Outer Critics Circle Award, Drama League Award, Drama Desk Award, and Tony Award for her performance in Gypsy.[34][35] It closed on January 11, 2009.

In August 2010, LuPone appeared in a three-day run of Irving Berlin’s Annie Get Your Gun, in which she played the title role opposite Patrick Cassidy, at the Ravinia Festival, directed by Lonny Price.[36]

In 2010, LuPone created the role of Lucia in the original Broadway production of Women on the Verge of a Nervous Breakdown, which opened at the Belasco Theatre on November 4, 2010, and closed on January 2, 2011, after 23 previews and 69 regular performances. LuPone was nominated for a Tony Award, Drama Desk Award, and an Outer Critics Circle Award for her performance (but did not win).

In 2011, LuPone played the role of Joanne in a four-night limited engagement concert production of Stephen Sondheim’s 1970 musical Company at the New York Philharmonic, conducted by Sondheim expert Paul Gemignani. The production starred Neil Patrick Harris as Bobby. Harris had previously worked with LuPone in the 2000 and 2001 concert productions of Sweeney Todd. The cast of Company performed the song “Side by Side by Side” at the 65th Tony Awards on June 12, 2011.

LuPone made her New York City Ballet debut in May 2011 in a production of The Seven Deadly Sins, directed and choreographed by Lynne Taylor-Corbett. A piece she had previously performed, LuPone sang the role of Anna in the Kurt Weill and Bertolt Brecht score.[37]

The Associate Press reported on August 1, 2011 that Lupone will team up with her former Evita co-star Mandy Patinkin to bring their concert “An Evening with Patti Lupone and Mandy Patinkin” to Broadway for a limited 63 performance run starting November 21, 2011 at the Barrymore theatre. This teaming will mark the first time the pair will perform on a Broadway stage since Evita.



Solo Concerts and Tours


LuPone performs regularly across the country in her solo shows Matters of the Heart; Coulda, Woulda, Shoulda; and The Lady With the Torch[38] which sold out at Carnegie Hall. For example, she performs her one-woman show The Gypsy In My Soul at the Caramoor Fall Festival, New York, in September 2010.[39]

She also appears at venues across North America in concerts with Mandy Patinkin, such as at the Mayo Center for the Performing Arts in September 2010.[40][41]


Film and Television Work


Among LuPone’s film credits are Fighting Back, Witness, Just Looking, The Victim, Summer of Sam, Driving Miss Daisy, King of the Gypsies, 1941, Wise Guys, Nancy Savoca’s The 24 Hour Woman and Savoca’s Union Square (in post-production, late 2010), Family Prayers, Bad Faith, and City by the Sea. She has also worked with playwright David Mamet on The Water Engine, the critically acclaimed State and Main, and Heist.[42]

In 2011, the feature film Union Square, co-written and directed by the Sundance Film Festival’s Grand Jury Award Winner, Nancy Savoca, is being premiered at the Toronto Film Festival. In it, Patti co-stars with Mira Sorvino, Tammy Blanchard, Mike Doyle, Michael Rispoli and Daphne Rubin-Vega.[43]

She played Lady Bird Johnson in the TV movie, LBJ: The Early Years (1987).[44][45]

LuPone played Libby Thatcher on the television drama Life Goes On, which ran on ABC from 1989 to 1993.[46][47][48]

In the 1990s she had a recurring role as defense attorney Ruth Miller on Law & Order.[49] She has twice been nominated for an Emmy Award: for the TV movie The Song Spinner (1995, Daytime Emmy Award nominee),[50] and for Outstanding Guest Actress in a Comedy Series on Frasier in 1998.[51] She had a cameo as herself on a 1998 episode of Saturday Night Live hosted by Kelsey Grammer.

LuPone’s TV work also includes a recurring role on the last season of HBO’s series Oz (2003).[52] She appeared as herself on a February 2005 episode of Will & Grace.[53] She also appeared on the series Ugly Betty in March 2007 as the mother of Marc St. James (played by Michael Urie).[54] Lupone guest-starred as Frank Rossitano’s mother on an episode of 30 Rock which aired on March 6, 2009,[55][56] and again on May 6, 2010. LuPone appeared as herself in the season two finale of the television series Glee.

It was recently announced that LuPone would be joining the cast of the upcoming 2012 film Parker, an action-thriller.



Stance on Distractions from Audience Members


LuPone opposes recording, photographs, and other electronic distractions in live theatre. “Where’s the elegance?”, she asked in a blog post on her official site. “I mean, I’m glad they show up because God knows it’s a dying art form and I guess I’m glad they’re all comfortable, sleeping, eating and drinking, things they should be doing at home and in a restaurant. But it’s just not done in the theatre or shouldn’t be.” LuPone has been the subject of some controversy due to the bluntness of her statements regarding this matter.[57]

A related incident occurred at the second to last performance of Gypsy on January 10, 2009. Agitated at a man taking pictures with the use of flash, she stopped in the middle of “Rose’s Turn” and loudly demanded that he be removed from the theatre. “You heard the announcement in the beginning, you heard the announcement at intermission! Who do you think you are?” she yelled at him. After he was removed, LuPone restarted her number. The audience applauded her stance.[58][59] The event was recorded by another audience member, who released it on YouTube.[60] She later claimed that such distractions drive “people in the audience nuts. They can’t concentrate on the stage if, in their peripheral vision, they’re seeing texting, they’re seeing cameras, they’re listening to phone calls. How can we do our job if the audience is distracted?”, and also mentioned that “the interesting thing is I’m not the first one that’s done it”.[61]




Ms. LuPone wrote a memoir, recounting her life and career from childhood to the present, which was released in September 2010. It was simply titled Patti LuPone: A Memoir, which was, according to LuPone, the winner of the competition she held to name the book.[62][63]


Personal Life


LuPone is married to Matthew Johnston, whom she married on December 12, 1988. The couple were wed on the stage of the Vivian Beaumont Theatre at Lincoln Center after filming the TV movie LBJ; Johnston was a cameraman.[64] They have one child, Joshua Luke Johnston (b. November 21, 1990).[47] The family resides in Connecticut[65] and South Carolina.[66]


Awards and Nominations


The Robber Bridegroom, 1976
  • Tony Award for Best Featured Actress in a Musical (Nomination)
  • Drama Desk Award for Outstanding Actress in a Musical (Nomination)
Evita, 1980
  • Tony Award for Best Actress in a Musical (WINNER)
  • Drama Desk Award for Outstanding Actress in a Musical (WINNER)
Les Misérables & The Cradle Will Rock, 1985
  • Olivier Award for Best Actress in a Musical (WINNER)
Anything Goes, 1988
  • Tony Award for Best Actress in a Musical (Nomination)
  • Drama Desk Award for Outstanding Actress in a Musical (WINNER)
Sunset Boulevard, 1993
  • Olivier Award for Best Actress in a Musical (Nomination)
Sweeney Todd: The Demon Barber of Fleet Street, 2006
  • Tony Award for Best Actress in a Musical (Nomination)
  • Drama Desk Award for Outstanding Actress in a Musical (Nomination)
Gypsy, 2008
  • Tony Award for Best Actress in a Musical (WINNER)
  • Drama Desk Award for Outstanding Actress in a Musical (WINNER)
Women on the Verge of a Nervous Breakdown, 2011
  • Tony Award for Best Featured Actress in a Musical (Nomination)
  • Drama Desk Award for Outstanding Featured Actress in a Musical (Nomination)




LuPone recorded a duet with Seth MacFarlane (who was in character as Glenn Quagmire) on the 2005 album Family Guy: Live In Vegas. A new CD of one of her shows, The Lady with the Torch, was released in 2006 on Sh-K-Boom Records. In December she released bonus tracks for that CD only available on iTunes and the Sh-K-Boom website.[67]

Selected recordings include:

  • The Baker’s Wife (Original cast recording)
  • Evita (Original Broadway cast recording)
  • The Cradle Will Rock (The Acting Company recording)
  • Les Misérables (Original London Cast recording)
  • Anything Goes (New Broadway Cast Recording)
  • Heat Wave (John Mauceri conducting the Hollywood Bowl Orchestra)
  • Patti LuPone Live (Solo Album)
  • Sunset Boulevard (World Premiere/Original London Cast Recording)
  • Matters of the Heart (Solo Album)
  • Sweeney Todd (New York Philharmonic recording)
  • Sweeney Todd (2005 Broadway Cast recording)
  • The Lady with the Torch (Solo Album)
  • The Lady With the Torch…Still Burning (Solo Album)
  • To Hell and Back (Philharmonia Baroque Orchestra World Premier recording)
  • Gypsy (2008 Broadway Revival Cast Recording)
  • Patti LuPone At Les Mouches (Live Solo Recording of 1980 club act)[68]
  • Women on the Verge of a Nervous Breakdown (Original Broadway Cast Recording)

In 2009 LuPone’s 1985 recording of “I Dreamed a Dream” reached the UK Singles Chart[69] as well as the Billboard magazine Hot Digital Songs and Hot Singles Recurrents charts in the US.

She was the recipient of two Grammy Awards in 2009 in the categories of Best Opera Recording and Best Classical Album for Kurt Weill: Rise and Fall of the City of Mahagonny.[70]



Video Clips







  1. “Patti LuPone Biography”. filmreference. 2008. Retrieved 2008-07-06.
  2. Newmark, Judith (2009-03-29). “Patinkin, LuPone return to stage”. Suburban Journals. Retrieved 2009-03-28.
  3. “Sex & Moxie: God, That’s Good!”. filmreference. 2008. Retrieved 2008-07-06.
  4. Hornby, Richard. Mad About Theatre, Hal Leonard Corporation, 1996, ISBN 1-55783-260-9, p. 245
  5. Alumni Retrieved August 24, 2010.
  6. Hischak, Thomas S. and Boardman, Gerald. American theatre. Oxford University Press US, 2001. ISBN 0-19-512347-6. p.94
  7. “Tony Awards, 1976 listing” Retrieved August 27, 2010.
  8. “‘The Baker’s Wife’ history” Retrieved August 24, 2010
  9. “‘The Water Engine’ listing, 1978 Retrieved August 27, 2010.
  10. ” ‘The Old Neighborhood’ listing, 1997″ Retrieved August 27, 2010.
  11. Brantley, Ben.“‘The Old Neighborhood’ review” The New York Times, November 20, 1997
  12. “Internet Broadway Database listing, ‘Working’ “ Retrieved August 24, 2010.
  13. “Internet Broadway Database listing, ‘Evita’” Retrieved August 24, 2010.
  14. Green, Jesse.“Adapted from “Let Her Entertain You. Please!”The New York Times, July 8, 2007
  15. ” ‘Evita’ Tony Awards listing (search) Retrieved August 24, 2010.
  16. Rich, Frank. “Theater: ‘Labor Opera’ By Blitzstein Is Revived”, The New York Times” , May 10, 1983. p. C11
  17. ” ‘Les Miserables’ listing, 1985″ Retrieved August 24, 2010.
  18. Rich, Frank. “Theater: Moody in ‘Oliver!’”, The New York Times, April 30, 1984, p. C11
  19. “Patti LuPone biography” Retrieved August 24, 2010.
  20. “Olivier Winners 1985″ Retrieved August 24, 2010.
  21. Bennetts, Leslie.“No Tears For LuPone’S Reno”The New York Times, October 22, 1987
  22. Internet Broadway database listing, ‘Anything Goes’” Retrieved August 24, 2010.
  23. “Internet Broadway database listing, ‘Anything Goes’ concert” Retrieved August 24, 2010.
  24. Marks, Peter.“Theatre:Diva’s Life Isn’t Always Happy; Ask Callas (and LuPone)”The New York Times, June 30, 1996
  25. “Following ‘Sunset,’ Shadows Over Lloyd Webber’s Empire”, The New York Times, March 1997
  26. Willis, John. Theatre World 1995–1996 Season. Hal Leonard Corporation, 2000. ISBN 1-55783-323-0. p. 15
  27. Canby, Vincent.[1]The New York Times, July 26, 1996
  28. Jones, Kenneth.“Don’t You Love Farce? ‘Noises Off’ Opens on Bway Nov. 1″, November 1, 2001
  29. Gans, Andrew.Patti LuPone Will Be Mama Rose in Ravinia ‘Gypsy’ “, November 10, 2005
  30. Gans, Andrew.“The Lady with the Tuba”, April 25, 2006
  31. Hernandez, Ernio.“LuPone and Cerveris to Serve Man in Sweeney Todd on Broadway Through Thanksgiving”, June 26, 2006
  32. Gans, Andrew.“Momma’s Doin’ Fine: LuPone Gypsy, Directed by Laurents, Begins City Center Run”, July 9, 2007
  33. Gans, Andrew.“Her Turn: ‘Gypsy’, Starring Patti LuPone, Opens on Broadway”, March 27, 2008
  34. Gans, Andrew.“August and Passing Strange Win Top Honors at Drama Desk Awards”, May 18, 2008
  35. Jones, Kenneth.“August, South Pacific, In the Heights, Boeing-Boeing, LuPone Are Tony Winners”, June 15, 2008
  36. Gans, Andrew.“They Say It’s Wonderful”: Patti LuPone Stars in Annie Get Your Gun at the Ravinia Festival”, August 13, 2010
  37. Jones, Kenneth.“Patti LuPone To Sing Seven Deadly Sins, Susan Stroman Creates Ellington Piece for NY City Ballet”, December 27, 2010
  38. Buehler, Pati.“Patti Lupone – The Lady With a Torch”, June 29, 2005
  39. Hetrick, Adam.“Patti LuPone Will Reveal The Gypsy In My Soul at Caramoor Fest” 13 Aug 2010
  40. “intimate intensity: Mandy Patinkin and Patti LuPone”. National Post. 2010-02-05.Retrieved 2010-03-27.
  41. Bacalzo, Dan.“Patti LuPone and Mandy Patinkin to Play Mayo Center September 11″, August 12, 2010
  42. “LuPone listing at Internet Movie Database” Retrieved August 25, 2010.
  43. [2]
  44. “LBJ listing” Retrieved August 27, 2010.
  45. Corry, Johm.“TV VIEW; ‘LBJ’ – A POWERFUL PORTRAIT”The New York Times, February 1, 1987
  46. Harris, Mark.“Life After Life?”Entertainment Weekly, Issue 55, March 1, 1991
  47. Anderson, Susan Heler.“Chronicle”The New York Times, November 23, 1990
  48. Buck, Jerry.“Patti LuPone Starring in ‘Life Goes On’”Kentucky New Era, (, September 21, 1989
  49. “Law & Order” Navy Blues (1997) listing” Retrieved August 27, 2010.
  50. The Hollywood Reporter. “Daytime Emmys List”, Performer in a Children’s Special, BPI Entertainment News Wire, April 4, 1996 (no page number)
  51. “Awards listing at Internet Movie Database” Retrieved August 25, 2010.
  52. Gans, Andrew.“Theatre Stars Head Cast of Final “Oz” Season; HBO Series Debuts Jan. 5″, January 5, 2003
  53. Gans, Andrew.“LuPone and Goldblum Guest on Feb. 3 “Will & Grace”, February 3, 2005
  54. Gans, Andrew.” “Don’t Ask, Don’t Tell”: Patti LuPone to Guest on March 22 “Ugly Betty” “, March 7, 2007
  55. “Gypsy’s LuPone Will Guest on Emmy-Winning “30 Rock””. Retrieved 2010-03-27.
  56. “Tony Winners LuPone and Lithgow Guest Star on March 5 “30 Rock””. 2010-03-27.
  57. “Ramblings From the Road”. 2006-01-24.Retrieved 2010-03-29.
  58. Higgins, Charlotte (2009-01-27). “Gypsy — Rose Lee Photographs (Patti’s Rant)”. Guardian. Retrieved 2010-03-27.
  59. Terrifying Patti LuPone Clip Village Voice
  60. Patti LuPone stops ‘Gypsy’ mid-show to yell at a photographer – YouTube vide0
  61. Azzopardi, Chris (2009-06-11). “GLT ” Everything’s Coming Up Patti”. Retrieved 2010-03-29.
  62. Hetrick, Adam.“LuPone Chooses a Tell-It-Like-It-Is Title for Upcoming Autobiography”, April 1, 2010
  63. Hetrick, Adam.Patti LuPone Will Sign Her Memoir at Barnes and Noble; Performance, Too”, August 3, 2010
  64. (no author AP).“People:Patti LuPone marries miniseries cameraman”Gettysburg Times, ( December 15, 1988
  65. Gerard, Jeremy (2008-03-04). “In ‘Gypsy’ Patti LuPone Creates Diva Role She Was Born to Play”. Bloomberg News (Bloomberg L.P.). Retrieved 2011-05-11
  66. Rapkin, Mickey.“Patti LuPone: Ladys Night”Out Magazine. Retrieved August 17, 2010.
  67. “Patti Lupone listing”
  68. Gans, Andrew.“Patti LuPone at Les Mouches,” Vintage LuPone Club Act, Arrives in Stores Nov. 11″, November 11, 2008
  69. UK Singles Chart info Retrieved 26 April 2009.
  70. Gans, Andrew.“In the Heights Cast Recording Wins Grammy; Hudson and LuPone-McDonald “Mahagonny” Also Win”, February 8, 2009.